Pediatric Cancers

Additional Information

In the United States in 2019, an estimated 11,060 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed among children from birth to 14 years, and about 1,190 children are expected to die from the disease. Although cancer death rates for this age group have declined by 65 percent from 1970 to 2016, cancer remains the leading cause of death from disease among children. The most common types of cancer diagnosed in children ages 0 to 14 years are leukemias, brain and other central nervous system (CNS) tumors, and lymphomas (1).


List of Types of Childhood Cancer (2):

  • Bone Cancers (Osteosarcoma)
  • Brain Cancers (and Brain Stem Tumors)
  • Leukemia
  • Hepatoblastoma (Liver Cancer)
  • Lymphoma (Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s)
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Rhabdoid Tumors
  • Sarcoma
  • Spinal Cord Tumors
  • Wilms Tumor (Kidney Tumors)


The causes of most childhood cancers are not known. About 5 percent of all cancers in children are caused by an inherited mutation (a genetic mutation that can be passed from parents to their children). Most cancers in children, like those in adults, are thought to develop as a result of mutations in genes that lead to uncontrolled cell growth and eventually cancer. In adults, these gene mutations reflect the cumulative effects of aging and long-term exposure to cancer-causing substances. However, identifying potential environmental causes of childhood cancer has been difficult, partly because cancer in children is rare and partly because it is difficult to determine what children might have been exposed to early in their development (1).




References

1. www.cancer.gov

2. www.acco.org

Micah T. Roshell, Hodgkins Lymphoma & Acute Myeloid Leukemia. (2007-2013).

Micah T. Roshell, Hodgkins Lymphoma & Acute Myeloid Leukemia. (2007-2013).